Griffith University Undergraduate Student Mindset Journal Quantity 1, 2009
Undergraduate Investigator Article
Persona measures under focus: The NEO-PI-R plus the MBTI
Frida Johnsson 2005PSY, Personality and Individual Dissimilarities School of Psychology, Griffith University The idea of personality features for a long time fascinated the pursuits of individuals. As a result there are several theoretical ways to the measurement of character. This statement will present a pair of these techniques and further go over, compare, and contrast a personality way of measuring each approach. The personality approaches and measures below focus are definitely the well known trait model, Big Five as well as its widely used assess, the Neuroticism-Extraversion-Openness Personality Inventory Revised (NEO-PIR) (Costa & McCrae, 1992), and the as well commonly used, but at the same time often belittled, Myer-Briggs Type Indicator (MBTI) (Myers, 1962), which is based upon Carl Jung's type theory (1921, because cited in Jung, 1971). In this newspaper, a brief explanation of the individuality concept as well as the usefulness of personality measures are at first presented. Next, a general discourse on the Big Five model plus the MBTI will probably be presented. In the following sections, the NEO-PI-R and MBTI measures happen to be described in more detail, ending with a comparison between the two of these measures. Individuality and the convenience of persona measures In respect to Funder (2007), " Personality identifies an individual's characteristic patterns of thought, feelings, and actions, together with the mental mechanisms, invisible or not, behind all those patternsвЂќ (p. 5). There are many reasons why specialists are interested in producing measures that classify individual's personalities. For example , to help individuals better understand and help all their clients (Funder, 2007), help human resource managers in making successful hires (Hossam, 2007), aiding individuals to select suitable jobs (Sharf, 2006), and help the military in enrolling and positioning (Funder, 2007). There are several
Personality measures beneath focus Frida Johnsson
Griffith University Undergrad Student Psychology Journal Volume level 1, 2009
different approaches to the study of persona, such as the psychoanalytical and biological approaches (Funder, 2007), nevertheless , this daily news will give attention to the attribute and type approach. Big Five version According to trait hypotheses, traits define the nature of individuality as well as determine the actual procedure of character (Carducci, 1998). According to Westen, Burton, and Kowalski (2006) characteristics " happen to be emotional, intellectual and behavioural tendencies that constitute fundamental personality measurements on which individuals varyвЂќ (p. 421). Despite the fact that thousands of attributes have been recognized, Costa and McCrae suggested that five traits will be central to personality: extraversion, neuroticism, visibility to experience, agreeableness, and conscientiousness. This led to the development of the top Five model (McAdams, 2006). The selection of these types of five qualities was depending on studies (e. g., Fiske 1949, reported in Funder, 2007) that demonstrated that the five characteristics were the most useful and recurrent the moment rating persona. One durability of the Big Five is usually that the model shows cross-cultural consistency in research in which steps based on the model, including the NEO-PI-R, have been completely developed inside one lifestyle and authenticated in other cultures. In addition , studies have generally supported the stability with the Big Five (De Raad & Perugini, 2002). A single major critique of the model, however , is the fact it does not present any assumptive explanations for personality development; rather it can be more of a description of personality traits possessed simply by individuals (Carducci, 1998). The NEO-PI-R is a measure that is most often used to measure personality according to the Big Five (De Raad & Perugini, 2002). Myers-Briggs Type Indicator: The theory In contrast to the top Five,...
Sources: Bayne, R. (1997). The Myer-Briggs type indicator. Birmingham: Stanley Thornes Ltd. Carducci, B. J. (1998). The psychology of personality: Viewpoints, research, and applications. Pacific Grove, CALIFORNIA: Brooks/Cole Creating Company. Bahia, P. To. (1996). Function and character: Use of the NEO-PI-R in industrial/ organizational psychology. Utilized Psychology: A global Review, forty five, 225-241. Costa, P. T., & McCrae, R. R. (1992). The NEO Personality Inventory (revised) manual. Odessa, FL: Internal Assessment Resources. De Raad, B., & Perugini, M. (2002). Big Five factor assessment: Intro. In N. De Raad & M. Perugini (Eds. ), Big five evaluation (pp. 1-26). Gottingen, Indonesia: Hogrefe & Huber. Funder, D. C. (2007). The personality dilemna (4th education. ). Nyc: Norton. Hossam, M. A. E. (2007). The five-factor model of individuality and organizational citizenship tendencies in Combined Arab Emirates. S. A. M. Advanced Management Diary, 72, 47-59. Jung, C. G. (1971). Psychological Types: The collected works of C. G. Jung, (vol. 6). Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press. McAdams, Deb. P. (2006). The person: A fresh introduction to persona psychology (4th ed. ). Hoboken, NJ-NEW JERSEY: John Wiley & Sons.
Personality actions under emphasis Frida Johnsson
Griffith University or college Undergraduate Student Psychology Log Volume you, 2009
Myers, I. M. (1962). Manual: The Myers-Briggs Type Sign. Princeton, NJ: Educational Tests Service. Pittenger, D. T. (1993). Computing the MBTIвЂ¦and coming up short. Journal of Career Planning and Employment, 54, 48-52. Quenk, In. L. (2000). Essentials of Myers-Briggs type indicator analysis. New York: Steve Wiley & Sons. Sharf, R. S. (2006). Applying career advancement theory to counseling. Belmont, CA: Thomson-Brooks/Cole. Westen, G., Burton, T., & Kowalski, R. (2006). Psychology: Aussie and New Zealand edition. Milton, QLD: John Wiley & Daughters Australia. Wurster, C. M. (1993). Myers-Briggs Type Sign: A ethnic and moral evaluation. Business Research Project, Nationwide Defense University, Washington G. C. Recovered May your five, 2008, by http://www.ndu.edu/library/ic6/93S86.pdf
Persona measures under focus Frida Johnsson